“OPTIMIZATION OF COTTON GINNING AND PRESSING PLANT IN WESTERN VIDHARBHA REGION”
“Ginning, in its strictest sense, refers to the process of separating cotton fibres from the seeds. The cotton gin has as its principal function the conversion of a field crop into a salable commodity. Composite ginnery performs ginning and pressing operations to convert lint cotton into a bale. Thus, it is the bridge between cotton production and cotton manufacturing. but the gin must also be equipped to remove foreign matter, moisture, and other contaminants that significantly reduce the value of the ginned lint .It is in this respect of trash removal that cotton ginning plays a very important role in the preservation of the quality of cotton. for getting maximum value to the grower Gins must produce a quality of lint while meeting the demands of the spinner and consumer. Operating gin machinery in accordance with the recommended speeds, adjustments, maintenance, and throughput rates will produce the highest possible fiber quality. Indian ginneries present a dismal picture in terms of using outdated technology. Most ginneries in India, being in unorganized sector, are not aware of modern technology. The ginning industry in the country can be said to be still backward. The geographical location of ginneries and unavailability of lint cotton packaging machines and spinning mills causes the ginning industry to transport low density voluminous lint cotton package over far distances. A ginning industry has a standardized sequence that includes dryers to obtain the proper moisture level as well as machines to remove the foreign matter is recommended for processing cotton at the gin.